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Brazil – Important Facts

Brazil officially the Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. As the world’s fifth-largest country by both area and population, it is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language–and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent’s land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.

Brazil is a member of the Common Market of the South (Mercosur).

The exploitation of the Amazon rainforest, much of which is in Brazil, has been a major international worry, since the wilderness is a vital regulator of the climate. A former Portuguese colony, Brazil has a highly diverse population, including indigenous Americans and the descendants of African slaves and European settlers.

The Federative Republic of Brazil is Latin America’s largest economy. With 3,290,000 square miles, bordering 10 other countries and with 4,650 miles of coastline, Brazil is the largest country in Latin America and fifth largest in the world. Brazil’s 2015 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of US$2.2 trillion ranks Brazil as the world’s eighth-largest economy. Annual growth during 2015 dropped 3.8% due to political and economic turmoil and exchange rate fluctuations. Brazil is Latin America’s largest country, and the ninth largest economy in the world. According to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Brazil was the eighth largest destination for global Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows in 2015. Brazil typically receives close to half of South America’s total incoming FDI. The United States is a major foreign investor in Brazil, according to the Brazilian Central Bank (BCB), the United States had the largest single – country stock of FDI (US$ 112 billion) in Brazil in 2014.

Facts: Capital: Brasilia (largest city: Sao Paulo), Population: 198.3 million, Area: 8.55m sq km (3.3m sq miles), Major language: Portuguese, Major religion: Christianity, Life expectancy: 71 years (men) and 77 years (women), Currency: real

Important Details

  • Country ISO3:BRA
  • Country Code:76
  • Income Group:Latin America & Caribbean
  • Lending Category:Upper middle income
  • Region:IBRD
  • Currency Unit:Real
  • WTO Member:YES
  • Trade organisations:Unasul, WTO, Mercosur, G-20 and others
  • world rank:122

  • Regional Ranking:21st in the South and Central America/Caribbean Region