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Belize – Important Facts

Belize formerly British Honduras, is a country on the eastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the north by Mexico, on the south and west by Guatemala, and on the east by the Caribbean Sea. Its mainland is about 290 km (180 mi) long and 110 km wide. With 22,800 square kilometres of land and as of 2015 a population of 368,310, Belize has the lowest population density in Central America. The country’s population growth rate of 1.87% per year (2015) is the second highest in the region and one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere. Belize’s abundance of terrestrial and marine species and its diversity of ecosystems give it a key place in the globally significant Mesoamerican Biological Corridor. Belize has a diverse society, composed of many cultures and languages that reflect its rich history.

Belize is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). A combination of natural factors – climate, the Belize Barrier Reef, over 450 offshore Cayes (islands), excellent fishing, safe waters for boating, scuba diving, and snorkelling, numerous rivers for rafting, and kayaking, various jungle and wildlife reserves of fauna and flora, for hiking, bird watching, and helicopter touring, as well as many Maya ruins – support the thriving tourism and ecotourism industry. Development costs are high, but the government of Belize has made tourism its second development priority after agriculture. In 2012, tourist arrivals totalled 917,869 (with about 584,683 from the United States) and tourist receipts amounted to over $1.3 billion.

Tourism is a major source of foreign currency. Belize’s attractions include wildlife, Mayan ruins.

Facts: Capital: Belmopan Population: 324,000 Area: 22,965 sq km (8,867 sq miles), Major languages: English (official), Spanish, Belizean Creole, Mayan and Garifuna (Carib), Major religions: Christianity, Life expectancy: 75 years (men) and 78 years (women), Currency: Belizean dollar

Important Details

  • Country ISO3:BLZ
  • Country Code:84
  • Income Group:Latin America & Caribbean
  • Lending Category:Upper middle income
  • Region:IBRD
  • Currency Unit:Belize dollar
  • WTO Member:YES
  • Trade organisations:CARICOM, WTO
  • world rank:118
  • Regional Ranking:20th in the South and Central America/Caribbean Region