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Belgium – Important Facts

Belgium officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe. It is a small, densely populated country which covers an area of 30,528 square kilometres (11,787 sq mi) and has a population of about 11 million people. Straddling the cultural boundary between Germanic and Latin Europe, Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups: the Dutch-speaking, mostly Flemish community, which constitutes about 59% of the population, and the French-speaking, mostly Walloon population, which comprises 41% of all Belgians. Additionally, there is a small group of German-speakers who live in the East Cantons located around the High Fens area, and bordering Germany. Belgium is a member of the European Union (EU).

Belgium GDP was a total of $494.6 billion in 2015. Bilateral trade was worth over $53 billion for the year 2015. With its major ports (Antwerp is the second largest port in Europe) and excellent logistical infrastructure, a significant portion of bilateral trade either originates in, or is destined for, other countries in Europe. The U.S. ranks as Belgium’s 5th principal trading partner; with Belgium ranked the 12th largest recipient of U.S. exports. Often referred to as “the capital of Europe”, the Belgian capital of Brussels is home to the headquarters of the European Union (EU) and of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), as well as hundreds of international institutions, associations and multinational corporations.

Facts: Capital: Brussels, 10.8m population – similar to Somalia, 30,528 sq km area – similar to Lesotho, 77 – 83 years – life expectancy (men – women), $41,700 GDP per capita – similar to Finland.

Important Details

  • Country ISO3:BEL
  • Country Code:56
  • Income Group:Europe & Central Asia
  • Lending Category:High income
  • Region:Not Available
  • Currency Unit:Euro (formerly Belgian franc)
  • WTO Member:YES
  • Trade organisations:EU, WTO and OECD
  • world rank:44
  • Regional Ranking:21st in Europe