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Belarus – Important Facts

Belarus officially the Republic of Belarus, country is in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the north east, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the north west. Its capital is Minsk; other major cities include Brest, Hrodna, Homiel and Vitsebsk. Over 40% of its 207,600 square kilometres (80,200 sq mi) is forested. Its strongest economic sectors are service industries and manufacturing. Until the 20th century, different states at various times controlled the lands of modern-day Belarus, including the Principality of Polotsk (town) (11th to 14th centuries), the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Polish – Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Empire.

Belarus is a member of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). Belarus remains heavily dependent on Russia to meet its own energy needs, and a considerable proportion of Russian oil and gas exports to Europe pass through it. Belarus’s privileged access to duty-free oil from Russia. The economy continues to depend on energy – and resource – intensive exports. At the same time, productivity growth in non-energy sectors has been stagnating, especially in the state-owned sector.

Facts: Population: 9.5 million, Area: 207,595 sq km (80,153 sq miles), Major languages: Russian, Belarussian (both official), Major religion: Christianity, Life expectancy: 65 years (men) and 76 years (women), Currency: Belarussian rouble

Important Details

  • Country ISO3:BLR
  • Country Code:112
  • Income Group:Europe & Central Asia
  • Lending Category:Upper middle income
  • Region:IBRD
  • Currency Unit:Belorussian ruble
  • WTO Member:No
  • Trade organisations:CIS
  • world rank:157
  • Regional Ranking:43rd in Europe