Taxes in Philippines

Below are important type of taxes in Philippines.

  • Capital Gains Tax: Capital Gains Tax is a tax imposed on the gains presumed to have been realized by the seller from the sale, exchange, or other disposition of capital assets located in the Philippines, including pacto de retro sales and other forms of conditional sale.
  • Documentary Stamp Tax is a tax on documents, instruments, loan agreements and papers evidencing the acceptance, assignment, sale or transfer of an obligation, right or property incident thereto.
  • Donor’s Tax: Donor’s Tax is a tax on a donation or gift, and is imposed on the gratuitous transfer of property between two or more persons who are living at the time of the transfer. It shall apply whether the transfer is in trust or otherwise, whether the gift is direct or indirect and whether the property is real or personal, tangible or intangible.
  • Estate Tax: Estate Tax is a tax on the right of the deceased person to transmit his/her estate to his/her lawful heirs and beneficiaries at the time of death and on certain transfers, which are made by law as equivalent to testamentary disposition. It is not a tax on property. It is a tax imposed on the privilege of transmitting property upon the death of the owner. The Estate Tax is based on the laws in force at the time of death notwithstanding the postponement of the actual possession or enjoyment of the estate by the beneficiary.
  • Income Tax: Income Tax is a tax on a person’s income, emoluments, profits arising from property, practice of profession, conduct of trade or business or on the pertinent items of gross income specified in the Tax Code of 1997 (Tax Code), as amended, less the deductions and/or personal and additional exemptions, if any, authorized for such types of income, by the Tax Code, as amended, or other special laws.
  • Percentage tax is a business tax imposed on persons or entities/transactions:
    • Who sell or lease goods, properties or services in the course of trade or business and are exempt from value-added tax (VAT) under Section 109 (w) of the National Internal Revenue Code, as amended, whose gross annual sales and/or receipts do not exceed Php 1,919,500 and who are not VAT-registered; and
    • Engaged in the following industries/ transactions:
      • Banks and non-bank financial intermediaries performing quasi-banking functions
      • Other non-bank financial intermediaries (including pawnshops)
      • Fire, marine or miscellaneous agents of foreign insurance companies
      • Please refer Philippines official website for more information on this section.
  • Value-Added Tax: Value-Added Tax is a form of sales tax. It is a tax on consumption levied on the sale, barter, exchange or lease of goods or properties and services in the Philippines and on importation of goods into the Philippines. It is an indirect tax, which may be shifted or passed on to the buyer, transferee or lessee of goods, properties or services.
  • Withholding Tax on Compensation: Withholding Tax on Compensation is the tax withheld from income payments to individuals arising from an employer-employee relationship.
  • Expanded Withholding Tax: Expanded Withholding Tax is a kind of withholding tax which is prescribed on certain income payments and is creditable against the income tax due of the payee for the taxable quarter/year in which the particular income was earned.
  • Final Withholding Tax: Final Withholding Tax is a kind of withholding tax which is prescribed on certain income payments and is not creditable against the income tax due of the payee on other income subject to regular rates of tax for the taxable year. Income Tax withheld constitutes the full and final payment of the Income Tax due from the payee on the particular income subjected to final withholding tax.
  • Withholding Tax on Government Money Payments (GMP) – Percentage Taxes – is the tax withheld by National Government Agencies (NGAs) and instrumentalities, including government-owned and controlled corporations (GOCCs) and local government units (LGUs), before making any payments to non-VAT registered taxpayers/suppliers/payees
  • Withholding Tax on GMP – Value Added Taxes (GVAT) – is the tax withheld by National Government Agencies (NGAs) and instrumentalities, including government-owned and controlled corporations (GOCCs) and local government units (LGUs), before making any payments to VAT registered taxpayers/suppliers/payees on account of their purchases of goods and services.
  • Excise Tax: Excise Tax is a tax on the production, sale or consumption of a commodity in a country.